The Windows operating system contains numerous built-in, command line networking utilities. These tools range from the obscure to the commonplace. However, there are 11 built-in networking tools that Windows networking administrators should be familiar with.
I am guessing that the ping command is probably the most familiar, and most widely used of the utilities being discussed in this article, but that does not make it any less essential. Ping is used to test the ability of one network host to communicate with another. Simply enter the Ping command, followed by the name or the IP address of the destination host.
Assuming that there are no network problems or firewalls preventing the ping from completing, the remote host will respond to the ping with four packets. Receiving these packets confirms that a valid and functional network path exists between the two hosts. If you are experiencing problems with network communications, then network statistics can sometimes help point you toward the root cause of the problem. This command has a number of different functions, but the most useful of these is to display network summary information for the device.
To see this type of summary information, just type NetStat -e. This is where the Address Resolution Protocol comes into play. You can see the contents of this cache by using the ARP -A command. As I am sure you probably know, computers that are running a Windows operating system are assigned a computer name. Oftentimes, there is a domain name or a workgroup name that is also assigned to the computer. The NbtStat command can help you to diagnose and correct such problems. The previously discussed NbtStat command can provide you with the host name that has been assigned to a Windows device, if you know which switch to use with the command.
Typing Hostname at the command prompt returns the local computer name. Functionally, Tracert works similarly to Ping. This allows the utility to display the routers through which packets are passing to be identified. When possible, Windows displays the duration and IP address or fully qualified domain name of each hop.
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One utility that I find myself using constantly is IPConfig. At its simplest, the IPConfig command will display basic IP address configuration information for the device. Simply type IPConfig at the Windows command prompt, and you will be presented with the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway that the device is currently using.
Doing so causes Windows to display IP address configuration that is much more verbose. This is also the command that you will have to use if you want to see which DNS server the Windows device is configured to use. From there, you can type host names in an effort to see if the DNS server is able to resolve the specified host name.
IP networks use routing tables to direct packets from one subnet to another. To do so, simply type Route Print.
The cool thing about the Route command is that it not only shows you the routing table, it lets you make changes. Commands such as Route Add, Route Delete, and Route Change allow you to make routing table modifications on an as needed basis. The changes that you make can be persistent or nonpersistent, depending on whether you use the -P switch.
Earlier, I talked about the Ping utility and the Tracert utility, and the similarities between them. As you might have guessed, the PathPing tool is a utility that combines the best aspects of Tracert and Ping. Entering the PathPing command followed by a host name initiates what looks like a somewhat standard Tracert process.
Determine IP Address and Static or Dynamic
Once this process completes however, the tool takes seconds five minutes to gather statistics, and then reports latency and packet loss statistics that are more detailed than those provided by Ping or Tracert. Perhaps the most useful of the network utilities that are built into Windows is NetDiag.
The NetDiag command is designed to run a battery of tests on the computer in order to help the technician figure out why the computer is experiencing networking problems. Entering the NetDiag command by itself will cause all of the available tests to be run. In some cases, NetDiag can not only identify problems, but can also fix those problems.
The Windows operating system is jam packed with command line utilities. Many of these utilities are left over from operating systems that were introduced decades ago. Even so, the utilities that I have discussed in this article are every bit as useful today as they were when they were first introduced. Brien Posey is a freelance technology author and speaker with over two decades of IT experience.
Prior to going freelance, Brien was a CIO for a national chain of hospitals and healthcare facilities. In addition, Brien has worked as a network administrator for some of the largest insurance companies in America. NetDiag hasn't been included with Windows since XP.
How to find a printer IP address
The goal of what is now called Intrusion Detection Systems IDS was to detect a malicious attacker before an anti-virus, Trojan horse, or worm was used to strike. As per the above output, this system has IP address The default gateway is set to The Gateway is a network device eg: router in Local area network directly connected to the internet.
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How to find a printer IP address
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